Sequencing & Initiation


Sequencing is the ability to complete the steps of a task in a logical order. In a gallery or museum program, the participant may try to paint before applying paint to the brush, or may start to put the paints away when they have not yet begun painting.

This is important because we can support participants by demonstrating activities one step at a time, and leaving time to work in between, rather than relying on them to work through steps on their own.


Initiation is the ability to start something in a timely manner without needing a prompt or cue. The participant may not respond when asked a direct question in the gallery tour. They may have difficulty picking up a paint brush to paint even after being asked and others have already begun, or they may appear unmotivated.

This is important because a change in our facilitation can overcome many difficulties with initiation. We can help a participant join a conversation by calling them by name. This prompt is often enough to help the participant join in. If needed, we can also model ways to respond. In a hands-on activity, we can offer individual support by demonstrating the first step beside the participant’s work for them to see how to start, or by handing them a tool. Additional supportive strategies will be discussed in Module 4: Understanding Approach.